environment

This tag is associated with 8 posts

A story of survival: few live to share


STOCKTON, CA — On November 14, 2011 Ian Woodall will present “Tao of Everest” a storytelling event at Stockton’s REI store on Pacific Avenue. After surviving the climb, Ian will share the story only a few have survived to tell about it at 7 PM.

Last 2011 free fee day in National Parks


CALIFORNIA- The final U.S. National Park service Fee Free Day for 2011 is going to be Veterans Day Weekend November 11-13. The fee free days includes 100 National Parks that usually have entrance fees. In California these include Cabrillo National Monument, Death Valley National Park, Joshua Tree National Park, Lassen Volcanic National Park, Lava Beds National Monument, Muir Woods National Monument, Pinnacles National Monument, Sequoia National Park, Whiskeytown National Recreation Area, Yosemite National Park.

The Fee waiver includes entrance fees, commercial tour fees, and transportation entrance fees. Other fees such as reservation, camping, tours, concession and fees collected by third parties are not included unless stated otherwise.

Sanitation in the Garden


peach mummy master gardener photo

www.bilingualweekly.com | By: Marcy Sousa, UC Master Gardener Program Coordinator

SAN JOAQUIN COUNTY, CA- Like people, plants need a healthy environment.

To reduce our chances of becoming ill, we get plenty of fresh air and clean our homes to remove bugs and bacteria. Yet we neglect our plants by leaving fruit, fallen leaves, weeds, dead branches, even dead plants in our gardens!

Fruit and fallen leaves are ideal locations for pests and diseases to harbor. Weeds and dense vegetation under trees and shrubs provide hiding places for pests and reduce airflow, increasing humidity and the likelihood of fungal diseases. Good sanitation is important for optimum plant health. Our summer fruit and vegetable crops are starting to dwindle. You may notice an abundance of fallen fruit and leaves under your trees. One question we often receive in our office is whether you should leave the fruit to compost or clean it up. Sanitation is necessary to prevent disease and pests and reduce the needs for sprays.

Often times fruit left on or around the tree will not rot completely. These fruit will shrivel up into a small ball and are called mummies. Although they may look dry and harmless these mummies will produce fungal spores during the spring and summer that can infect new fruit. Brown rot on peaches and summer rots on apples can quickly spread and may be uncontrollable, even with fungicide applications.
What you can do

Here are a few simple steps to help reduce both the severity of infections and continuing infestation by pests and diseases.
• Remove damaged and diseased branches.
• Prune plants for better air circulation. For dense plants or plants with persistent foliar fungal diseases, winter is a good time to do some thinning.
• Keep areas under trees clean. Keep the stem free of piled mulch, weeds or other competing plants. Keep weeds and grass cut short under the tree canopy.
• Remove dead plants as soon as possible. A dead plant provides a home for insects that may spread diseases to other plants.
• Rake leaves after they drop and before the first rains arrive. Because of the high rate of infection in leaves of fruit trees, ornamental cherries, ornamental plums and dogwoods, we do not recommend composting these leaves. Put them in yard waste bins for pickup. The leaves of most other plants make good additions to your compost.
Fruit trees Several additional steps are necessary to reduce disease and pest problems in fruit trees.
• Remove diseased flowers that remain on the tree after fruit set.
• Remove early fallen fruit and thin remaining fruit if necessary. Dispose of fruit.
• After harvest, remove and destroy overwintering fruit (mummies) in the tree and on the ground to eliminate sources of disease and insects next season.
If you have any questions about sanitation, fruit tree management or whether your leaves are suitable for compost, call the UC Master Gardeners at (209) 953-6112 or visit our web-site at http://sjmastergardeners.ucdavis.edu.

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foreclosure prevention assistance

California Coastal Cleanup Event


www.bilingualweekly.com

Stockton, CA – In the States largest volunteer event, the California Coastal Cleanup Day, aims at removing trash and debris in and around local waterways which pollute marine wildlife and habitat. The City of Stockton, Lodi and the San Joaquin County will once again coordinate resources and participation by students, citizens, businesses and other local agencies to clean up local waterways in celebration and support of California Coastal Cleanup Day, September 17, 2011, from 9:00 a.m. to noon. Continue reading

What is Integrated Pest Management and why you should try it


snailbymartina rathgenswww.bilingualweekly.com| special to bw by Marcy Sousa Program Coordinator

Integrated pest management (IPM) is a strategy that uses environmentally sound, yet effective, ways to keep pests from invading your home, damaging your plants, or annoying you. Successful IPM usually combines several methods for long-term prevention and management of pest problems without harming you, your family, or the environment. In IPM, using pesticides may be an option, but when other nonchemical methods are used first, pesticides are often not needed.

Follow these steps to manage pests around your home and garden:

1

. Identify your pest correctly to be sure the management method you choose will be effective. If you aren’t sure what your pest is, call the Master Gardeners at 953-6112. Find out if the pest is a problem that needs to be controlled and learn about its life cycle and biology.

2

. Determine if there are preventive or nonchemical methods you can use to reduce the problem. For best results, combine several methods from the following categories:

o Prevention: Prevent pests from invading or building up their populations in the first place. This might include removing the pests’ sources of food, water, and shelter, or blocking their access into buildings or plants.

o Cultural controls: Cultural practices are things you can do to discourage pest invasion such as good sanitation, removing debris and infested plant material, proper watering and fertilizing, growing competitive plants, or using pest resistant plants.

o Physical or mechanical controls: Control pests with physical methods or mechanical devices such as knocking pests off of plants with a spray of water, using barriers and traps, cultivating, soil solarization, or heat treatments.

o Biological control: Biological control is the use of beneficial organisms (called natural enemies) to manage pests. Encourage natural enemies by planting flowering and nectar-producing plants and avoiding the use of broad-spectrum pesticides.

3

. If effective nonchemical methods are not available, consider using pesticides.

o Pesticides can be part of IPM, but use them only as a last resort and only after you have tried other methods. Be sure that your pest problem is serious enough to warrant a pesticide treatment. Always use the least toxic, yet effective, materials available and use them in ways that reduce human and pet exposure and protect the environment.

o Combine pesticide treatments with other preventive methods to discourage pests from coming back.

Here are a few IPM tips and tricks for dealing with snails and slugs.

Copper barriers will keep snails and slugs out of planting beds; the copper reacts with the slime that snails and slugs secrete, causing a disruption in their nervous system similar to an electric shock. You can trap snails and slugs beneath boards or flower pots in problem areas. Scrape off the snails and slugs daily and destroy them; crushing is the most common method. Don’t use salt to destroy snails and slugs, since it will increase soil salinity.

Beer-baited traps buried at ground level to catch and drown slugs and snails that fall into them also work. Because it is the fermented part of the product that attracts these pests, you also can use a sugar-water and yeast mixture instead of beer.

Do you have a pest in your garden or other questions related to gardening? The San Joaquin Master Gardeners are available to help identify pests and provide solutions free of charge. Visit our web-site at http://sjmastergardeners.ucdavis.edu or call the hotline office at 953-6112. For more information related to IPM visit the UC Davis IPM site at http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/index.html

*Information for this article was taken from the UC IPM web-site

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An Interview with California’s Secretary of Natural Resources – John Laird


http://www.bilingualweekly.com Special to bw by Deanna Lynn Wulff

John Laird

CALIFORNIA- John Laird has a pivotal and powerful position. As the new California Secretary of Natural Resources, he is at the center of controversial issues such as Delta water management and park and wildlife protection. Continue reading

McNerney scores 100% on environment


Washington, D.C

U.S. Congressman Jerry McNerney (D-Pleasanton) announced today that he received a 100 percent score in 2010 from the League of Conservation Voters (LCV), which evaluates the voting record of Members of Congress on environmental, public health and energy issues. Continue reading

Real men ride bicycles— for our common future


John Morearty / Bilingual Weekly Contributor

I bike all over town—from port to airport, St. Edward’s to Chavez High to Pixie Woods, then home near Victory Park. At age 72, with a titanium hip, biking strengthens my legs and endurance. My wife likes that. Continue reading

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