STOCKTON ADOPTS VIOLENCE REDUCTION INITITATIVE
Stockton Police Department Implements Community Response Team
(Stockton, CA) – The City of Stockton has experienced a sharp rise in violent crime. To address escalating violence, Stockton Police Chief Eric Jones proposed a “Violence Reduction Initiative” to the Stockton City Council this evening. The initiative proposes an alternative method of deploying police resources, including the implementation of a Community Response Team (CRT), beginning June 3, 2012. The Council approved the initiative, 7 – 0.
The Stockton Police Department is attempting to address the increase in crime, specifically targeting homicide, gangs, and gun violence. Citizens have publicly expressed the need for police presence in neighborhoods.
The CRT will provide a consistent approach to combating the on-going increase in violent crime by developing community partnerships in the areas where high-visibility and enforcement tactics will be deployed. Real-Time-Policing principles will be applied to adjust staffing and deployment, driven by intelligence and violent crime trend data. A camera system already installed throughout the city will be reactivated and used to monitor high-crime areas and deploy appropriate resources as conditions change. While flexible, the CRT will operate primarily during evening hours, which is the time of day that most violent crime occurs, concentrating on gun violence and gang incidents. The team may also be used to support long-term, covert operations targeting organized criminal street gangs.
Stockton Police Department staffing is at an all-time low. As resources are dedicated to the CRT to address the most violent situations, response to some calls for police service will be further impacted. For example, there will be reduced response to property crimes not in progress, and there will be a higher reliance on internet reporting as a means of communicating with the Police Department.
The goal of the Stockton Police Department is to build community trust, which is critical to any measure of success in our fight against crime.
“Chief Jones has shown tremendous leadership and creativity, during the most challenging times our City has ever experienced, by researching and developing methods of addressing crime with limited resources,” said Mayor Ann Johnston. “We know that he has the respect of the entire department and the community, and, together, they will make a difference in the violent crime that has had such an impact on city.”
The program is anticipated to cost $77,760 monthly in over-time and camera operations with a one-time cost of $5,000 to activate camera monitoring equipment.
Information provided by the city of Stockton
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Bone Density May Affect Immune System, Study Finds
UC Merced researchers shed light on how bone density may change a person’s immune system, a finding that could impact how scientists try to combat bone-related disease, such as osteoporosis
MERCED, Calif. — Researchers at the University of California, Merced, have discovered a new way in which bone health impacts a person’s immune system.
The discovery could impact how scientists try to combat bone-related disease, as drugs to improve bone quality could weaken a person’s immune system.
“The bone does have an influence on the basic biology of blood development,” immunology Professor Jennifer Manilay said. “This interdisciplinary research shows the need to look at the whole organ.”
Manilay collaborated with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researcher and adjunct UC Merced Professor Gabriela G. Loots, who disabled in mice the gene sclerostin, which maintains bone density. When it’s disabled, bone density increases, a condition known as sclerosteosis. It’s the opposite of osteoporosis, the decay of bones.
Manilay’s lab saw a decrease in the B-cells, a sign that the immune system may be compromised when sclerostin is disabled.
The findings are particularly important because drug maker Amgen is testing a drug to combat osteoporosis that disables sclerostin. Manilay said she was unsure whether the company has studied the drug’s effect on the immune system.
The UC Merced lab’s results were recently published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. The paper was also given an exceptional ranking by Faculty of 1000, a post-publication peer review website, in which leading scientists and clinicians from around the world identify and evaluate the most important articles in biology and medical research publications.
“These findings have important implications for patients being treated with inhibitors of sclerostin, as they imply that there may be negative effects on B cells,” wrote Sarah Dallas and Yasuyoshi Ueki of the University of Missouri-Kansas City. “The study is also exciting because it suggests a previously unknown role for osteocytes in the regulation of B cell development and survival.”
Modesto native Corey Cain was the paper’s lead author. He is planning to graduate with a Ph.D. this year and is securing a postdoctoral fellowship where he can continue his research into bones. He said it was helpful to be able to do research close to home.
“UC Merced has been great to me,” Cain said. “I have met and worked with wonderful friends and colleagues here who continually help shape my perspective on science.”
Manilay’s staff research associate, Bryce McLelland, and former UC Merced student Randell Rueda were co-authors on the paper.
Manilay plans to continue her research into sclerostin and B-cells. One project will explore whether a mouse’s immune system is significantly impacted with the gene disabled. Another project will explore what is happening to cause the B-cells to die, with the goal of reversing any adverse effects.